We park the car on one of the streets of the city and we go to see her. Alba Carolina is the only Vauban fortress (made in 7 corners like a star) in Romania, with a rich back story.
We can quickly find its history on one of the presentation fliers. It was built in the 18th century, in the city of Alba Iulia, on the Citadel Hill, by the Habsburg Empire, who wanted a strategic fortification against the Ottoman Empire but also strengthened the local power.
Seeking deeper information in the archives of the city, we find out that before the imposing fortress there were two other fortifications: the Roman Castles of the Legion XIII Gemina (in 106) and the Medieval Fortress of Bălgrad (between the 16th and 17th centuries) .
The one who started the idea of building this fortification was Eugene of Savoy (who also introduced the idea of the Vauban system). Preparatory work began with the topographic picking of 1711.
Architect Giovano Morando Visconti is the one who came with the project technically, but died in 1717 because of the plague and the work is resumed by two military engineers Joseph of Quadri and Konrad won Weiss.
The main body of the fortress is in the form of an irregular heptagon, the seven bastions giving it a typical stellar image of such systems. The Trinity is the largest bastion and has a crowned blazon with multiple fields and acanthus leaves. The rest are St. Stephen, Eugene of Savoy, St. Michael, St. Carol, Saint Capistrano, and St. Elizabeth. Both bastions with long faces disposed at different angles (75 ° – 120 °) and short and concave (42 – 48 meters) flanks, and curtains that bind them (at distances of 116-135 meters) perpendicularly, are not equal because were easily adapted to the ground. The main bastions do not have internal pockets, the defensive involving artillery batteries placed on top platforms.
We stop here and invite you to Alba Carolina for a stroll through the centuries and the history of the area, especially on August 5 that there are a series of performances that have as theme the historical reconstruction of events.